News & Events



INSC A3.01/10 - A3.01/12

“Institutional building of Armenian Nuclear Regulatory Authority”


On July 29, 2014 the Notification Letter from the EC DEVCO has stated the successful outcome of the offer submitted by Riskaudit (Ref: EuropeAid/135527/DH/SER/AM) leading the consortium formed by Riskaudit, ITER-Consult, STUK, IRSN, GRS, SUJB, NRSC. The TPL (Technical Project Leader) for this project is provided by ITER. The project provides support to the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of Armenia (ANRA).

The contract awarding  procedure is in progress.




IPA 2013 Kosovo

"Support to Radiation Protection andNuclear Safety"

1st Progress Meeting – 2nd Project Steering Committee Meeting

Pristina -  23 July 2014


The 1st  Progress Meeting and the 2nd PSC (Project Steering Committee) Meeting of the Project “EuropeAid/133749/C/SER/XK”, managed by ITER, took place on July 23, 2014 in Pristina at the EUO Kosovo office. ITER (contractor), EUO Kosovo (contracting authority), KARPNS (beneficiary), Ministry of Economic Development and Ministry of Health of Kosovo joined the 2nd PSC meeting, with the objective to discuss the 1st Progress Report.

The Progress Meeting had the objective to present and discuss the activities performed in the 1st semester (December 2013 – July 2014) and the planned activities for the 2nd semester.




“Development of radioactive waste and spent fuel management strategy for Armenia”

1st Visit of Armenian delegation to RW & SF Facilities in EU (Italy)

Italy, June 09–13, 2014


The visit (performed in the frame of the EC contract A4.01/09, managed by ITER) had the objective to give the Armenian experts an overview of the Italian policies and strategies on radioactive waste management and the opportunity to visit relevant facilities in decommissioning and national companies for institutional waste management. The Armenian experts met, for discussion and exchange of information, the italian WMO (Waste Management Organization) SOGIN, NUCLECO and the Italian Nuclear Regulatory Authority (ISPRA).




INSC Project MC.03/10

Training and Tutoring for experts of the NRAs and their TSOs for developing

 or strengthening their regulatory and technical capabilities - LOT 1

EC Contract  N° 2011/261-585


An updated Information notice concerning the progress since start of the INSC Project T&T LOT1 Phase I is here available.

T&T LOT 1 Information Notice July 2014





“Provision of assistance related to developing and strengthening thecapabilities of the Jordan Nuclear Regulatory Commission (JNRC)”

 On the Job Training at LENA

Pavia, April 14-18, 2014


In the frame of the project JO/RA/02, financed by the EC with the objective to assist the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (JNRC) of Jordan to develop capacity and competencies, the “On the Job Training’’ on operational and safety aspects of research reactor was organized by ITER and LENA (Laboratorio Energia Nucleare Applicata), took place in Pavia (Italy) in the week April 14-18, 2014. The training had the objective to get familiar with specific topics related to the Research Reactor operation, safety aspects of operation in normal and accident conditions, and perform exercise and practical applications onsite the facility. The participant from JNRC appreciated very much the organization and the content of the course making excellent profit.




INSC A4.01/09

“Development of Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel

 Management Strategy for Armenia”

First Progress Meeting

Yerevan, April 15, 2014


On April 15, 2014 in Yerevan was held the first Progress Meeting for the EC-INSC project A4.01/09, financed by the EC with the objective to support the Ministry of Energy to develop a Radioactive Waste and Spent fuel Management strategy. The participant organization were: ITER (Contractor), SOGIN, IBERDROLA, STUK, ANRA, ME&NR, RADON, ATOMSERVICE.

The meeting had the objective to present and discuss the activity performed in the 1st semester (October 2013- March 2014) and the planning of activities for the next reporting period. It was confirmed that the activities are progressing respecting the time schedule and no major problems are identified in the implementation of the project tasks.  Cooperation with the Beneficiary/End-users is proceeding well ensuring full achievement of project objectives.




 IPA 2013 Kosovo

"Support to Radiation Protection andNuclear Safety"

Technical Woprkshop

Pristina, April 1-3, 2014


For the European Commission Project IPA 2013 Kosovo, a Technical Workshop took place in Pristina on April 1-3, 2014, at Hotel Prishtina; with participation of ITER, ISPRA,  KARPNS (Kosovo Agency for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety) and other stakeholders from national authorities of Kosovo. The meeting had the main objective to present and to discuss the basic aspects related to different topics, both legal and operational, of nuclear and radiation protection safety. Each topic was followed by a discussion clarifying the content of the presentation and comparing with the current situation in Kosovo. The workshop had also the objective to promote the role and functions of the Agency KARPNS in Kosovo.




 IPA 2013 Kosovo

"Support to Radiation Protection andNuclear Safety"

1st Project Steering Committee (PSC) Meeting

Pristina, February 6, 2014


The first PSC Meeting of the Project “EuropeAid/133749/C/SER/XK” took place on February 6, 2014 in Pristina at the EUO Kosovo office. The meeting had the objective to present, discuss and clarify with the members of the PSC the Project  Inception Report (IR).





IAEA Donors meeting

27-31 January 2014


On January 27-31, 2014 in Vienna at IAEA has been held the Plenary Meeting of the ISSC EBP program with participation of Donor Organization among which ITER. The meeting had the objective to:

-       Share information on the progress of activities of the ICCS EBP (10 working areas divided in more working groups) mainly focus on the protection of nuclear installations from external site hazards

-       Invite other organization toparticipate in the activity of the ISSC EBP program





INSC Project MX3.01/10

 “Nuclear safety cooperation with the Regulatory Authorities of Mexico”

Task 4-Task 5 Workshop

Mexico City, 27-31 January 2014


The activity of Task 4 and Task 5 of the INSC project MX3.01/10, managed by Riskaudit, were completed on January 27-31 January 2014, in Mexico city at the CNSNS premises with participation of IRSN, GRS and ITER. Task 4 referred to the development of the CNSNSA  Training Plan  and Task 5 to develop the Risk Informed approach in the regulatory decision making process.





INSC Project A4.01/09

‘’Development of Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Management Strategy for Armenia’’

Task2 -Task3 Meeting

Yerevan, January 20-23, 2014


The first technical meeting of Task 2 and Task 3 of the project INSC A4.01/09 took place in Yerevan on January 20-23,  2014 with participation of ITER , SOGIN, STUK, IBERDROLA, ME&NR, ANRA.






IPA 2013 Kosovo "Support to Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety"

Inception Meeting

 Pristina, December 16 -17, 2013


ITER-Consult has signed on November 4, 2013 the EC Contract № 2013/330-096 for the IPA 2013 Project in Kosovo "Support to Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety"

Overall Budget :      555.500 €uro

Duration:                18 months

The Inception Meeting is planned for December 16 – 17, 2013 in Pristina with the objective to present, and discuss the project objective and scope, address all organizational issues, interfaces and lines of communication, define a work plan and related preliminary schedule. The project partners (ITER, STUK, ISPRA, NUCLECO) will participate together with the Beneficiary KARPNS (Kosovo Agency for radiation protection and nuclear safety) and the EU Office in Kosovo.





INSC Project UK/TS/41

“Development and implementation of risk-informed approaches to NPP operation and maintenance”

Project Progress Meeting and Task 2 Workshop

Vicovaro (RM), December 9-11,2013


In the frame of the Project UK/TS/41, on December  9-11. 2013 in Vicovaro at ITER premises, the Progress Meeting and the Task 2 workshop took place with the participation of: RISKAUDIT, ITER-Consult, GRS/TUEV SUED, STUK/VTT, SSTC, SNRIU. The workshop dealt with the development of Ukrainian regulatory guidelines on risk informed approach to regulation of Ukrainian NPPs, repair and maintenance optimization, PSA expert review, requirements for  living PSA. 






IAEA EBP Program

Consultancy Meeting on WA 10.1 : ‘’Public information’’

Rome 17-18 November 2013



The Consultancy Meeting organized by IAEA and ITER-Consult in Rome had the objective to make progress in the working group activity on the issue of public communication on safety of nuclear installations against site events. The participants from IAEA, JNES, ITER and ISPRA elaborated a new  revised Table of Content (ToC) of the TECDOC ‘’Effective Public Communication on Siting of  Nuclear Facilities against External Hazards’’. ITER was proposed as leading organization for the drafting of the document  on behalf of IAEA and coordinating the potential expertise to be involved.






INSC Project A4.01/09

‘’Development of Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel

Management Strategy for Armenia’’


Inception Meeting

Yerevan on October 28-29, 2013


The Inception Meeting of the EC INSC project A4.01/09 took place in Yerevan at the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources on October 28-29, 2013. The meeting, according to the TOR, had the objective to present, discussand clarify all project organizational issues, interfaces and lines of communication, project management, task activity and coordination, task implementation, schedule and required input, working groups, responsibilities of participants, steering committee, quality management.

The meeting was opened with the welcome from the main beneficiary Mr. A. Gevorgyan (ME&NR) and presentations of participants from EC, from  the beneficiary-Endusers (MENR, ANRA, ANPP, RADON) and the partners of the Contractor team (ITER, STUK, SOGIN, IBERDROLA, ARAO, ATOMSERVICE)

The Contractor gave a detailed presentation of the overall projects and of the expects activity and outputs of each task. A fruitful discussion took place to define the Working Groups, the project organizational issues, the implementation strategy and required inputs, the project deliverables, the implementation schedule, the responsibilities of the project participants, the  ways of communication between the project participants and stakeholders, the approval procedure of project deliverables, the composition of a Steering Committee, the integrated quality management plan and the Logframe matrix.

After the Inception meeting an Introductory Workshop on the topics of the national infrastructure, legal and regulatory framework for RW and SNF management, international and EU binding instruments and approaches took place.




INSC Project A4.01/09

‘’Development of Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Management Strategy for Armenia’’

September 27, 2013

ITER-Consult has signed on  September 27, 2013 the EC Contract for the INSC Project A4.01/09: “Development of Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Management strategy for Armenia”.

Overall Budget :      995.500 €uro

Duration:                 2 years




INSC Project IPA Kosovo

“Support to Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety’’


On September 26, 2013 ITER-Consult has received the Notification Letter from the EC DEVCO stating the successful outcome of the offer submitted by

ITER-Consult (Ref: EUROPEAID/133749/C/SER/XK) leading the consortium  ITER-Consult, Nucleco, ISPRA, STUK.

The contract awarding  procedure is in progress.





INSC Project A4.01/09

‘’Development of Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Management Strategy for Armenia’’


On July 16, 2013 ITER-Consult has received the Notification  Letter fromthe EC DEVCO stating the successful outcome of the offer submitted by

ITER-Consult (Ref: EUROPEAID/134040/C/SER/AM) leading the consortium formed by - ITER-Consult, STUK, ARAO, SOGIN, IBERDROLA, Atomservice.

The contract awarding  procedure is in progress.





 INSC Project MC.03/10

Training and Tutoring for experts of the NRAs and their TSOs for developing

 or strengthening their regulatory and technical capabilities - LOT 1

EC Contract  N° 2011/261-585


The PROGRESS MEETING N. 3 took place on July 17 in Brussels presenting  to the EC DEVCO the  status of implementation of the project, the planned activity for the next semester, the achievements and the feedback from the performed T&T courses.

Eight training courses have been implemented since the beginning for an overall duration of 9 weeks. Six of them developed as ‘’dedicated’’ and only two adopted as ‘’existing’’.

The training courses included the first “regional” course of the EC Project, organized in cooperation with ANNuR and carried out in Hammamet (Tunisia) in April 2013 with the participation of 26 trainees.

Up to July 2013 a total number of 98  trainees have been involved in the training activity coming from NRA/TSO of the following Partner Countries:


1.       Armenia

2.       Belarus

3.       Brazil


4.       Egypt

5.       Indonesia

6.       Jordan

7.       Malaysia

8.       Mexico

9.       Morocco

10.   Nigeria

11.   Philippines

12.   Ukraine

In the regional course in Hammamet ‘’non-partner countries’’ members of ANNuR network were included: Libya (3 trainees), Mauritania (3 trainees), Sudan (4 trainees), Tunisia (3 trainees), Yemen (4 trainees).

Six tutoring courses were carried out at NRAs/ TSOs headquarters in EU (ISPRA/ITER, SNSA/JSI, STUK, SCK-CEN) for an overall duration of 11 months. Two selected staff from the PCs participated in each tutoring course for a total of 12 persons coming from NRA of Ukraine, Brazil, Vietnam, Mexico, Armenia, Belorussia, Jordan and Malaysia.

A total of 22 man-month of tutoring activity has been implemented up to now.

From the Consultant side  about 80 senior experts belonging to the organization of our project team (NRAs, TSOs and research institutes) have contributed to the activity performed.


T&T LOT 1 Information Notice July 2013











KAshiwazaki-Kariwa Research Initiative for Seismic Margin Assessment



After the Niigataken-chuetsu-oki earthquake (NCOE), on 16 July 2007 that affected the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Station (NPS) with a magnitude of 6.6, a benchmark on the seismic behaviour of NPP has been organized by IAEA, in the framework of the Working Area 2 (WA2) of the International Atomic Energy Agency – Extra Budgetary Programme (IAEA-EBO) on Seismic Safety of Existing Nuclear Power Plants.

The final report here available contains the contribution of ITER-Consult to the benchmark, with specific reference to the activities requested in Task 1- Structural benchmark. It summarizes the work performed  since 2009.

In subtask 1.1 analyses have been developed to study the soil response, using ground motion records provided by Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO). Response spectra have been evaluated at free surface and at specific depths using aftershock and main shock data. Maximum spectral accelerations of about 4.8 g have been calculated during the main shock.

A 3D finite element model has been developed and used to evaluate the displacements and forces at specific points of the reactor building (RB) structure.

In Subtask 1.2 of the benchmark, the main shock response of the structure has been evaluated, with the two hypotheses of fixed base and with soil structure interaction, taking into account the nonlinear behaviour of the structure. The obtained results have been compared to the recorded data during the NCOE earthquake.

The last subtask 1.3 of the benchmark is devoted to margin assessment.  This objective has been seen from two perspectives:

A.     Assess margin with respect to ultimate status of RB structure. That is the increase in the seismic demand causing the ultimate status of the RB structure, either collapse or extensive cracking with loss of containment.

B.      Assess margin with respect to the loss of the ‘’NPP capacity to bring and maintain the NPP (reactor core and spent fuel)  in a safe status". This loss is logically linked with the systems and equipment needed to ensure the three main safety functions caused by interaction of the RB structure with systems and equipment.

The first perspective has been covered by the analysis performed. The second approach, linked to the Task 2 of the benchmark, needs to investigate the interfaces between structures and systems/equipment to identify the margins with respect to loss of NPP system capacity to ‘’ bring and maintain the NPP in a safe status’’.          

The ITER report refers only  to the assessment of the structural behaviour of the Reactor Building and related margins: for that purpose it was identified the “ultimate” earthquake that the structure can sustain and compared with the NCOE earthquake that effectively hit the NPP.


issued on October 31, 2012


            EU STRESS TESTS
                                                                                            September 2012
The EU “stress tests” requested by the European Council of 24/25 March 2011 have been performed, as specific assessment, in each of the EU MS operating NPP, according to the ENSREG scope and modalities (ENSREG Declaration of May 13, 2011).
The safety assessment performed by each operator, under request of the national nuclear regulators, have been focusing on:
     * Natural hazards
     * Loss of safety systems
     * Severe accident management
On the basis of the assessment performed by the operators and related results, 17 Country Reports have been elaborated by the National Regulators and submitted for peer review to ENSREG team of experts.
The results of the peer review are in the content of the Peer Review Reports approved by ENSREG on April 26, 2012.
The findings and recommendations of the peer review have been addressed in ‘’Follow-up Action Plan’’ defined by national regulators and approved by ENSREG on August 1, 2012.
The Follow-up Action Plans in each MS are now under implementations and are made public.





 January 20, 2012

The EU “stress tests” on the operating Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) in 16 EU Member States are defined as a ‘’targeted reassessment’’ of the safety margins of the EU NPP in the light of the events which occurred at Fukushima: extreme natural events challenging the plant safety functions and leading to a severe accident.

This reassessment consists:

·         In an evaluation of the response of a NPP when facing a set of extreme situations , and

·         In a verification of the preventive and mitigative measures chosen following a defense in depth logic: initiating events, consequential loss of safety      functions, severe accident management.

The activity and reporting of Stress Tests are carried out in accordance with the specifications and the principles for ‘’openness and transparency" as adopted by ENSREG in May 2011.

The national regulatory bodies of 16 EU Member States plus Switzerland and Ukraine have independently reviewed the stress tests report elaborated by the operators  and prepared the National Reports for the EU Peer Review. These reports have been made publicly available on the ENSREG website (  by very beginning of 2012.

Three main TOPICS are identified  as deserving the focus of the re-assessment, in the light of the events that occurred at Fukushima, including combination of initiating events and failures:


Topic 1 - Initiating Events (earthquakes, flooding and weather conditions)

Topic 2 -Loss of Safety Function (Loss of electrical power or heat sink and combination of both)

Topic 3 -Severe Accident Management (organization and arrangements to manage SA scenarios)


The EU  Peer Review of National Reports is in progress and the EU Peer Review Report will be issued at the end of April 2012.


ITER-Consult preliminary considerations on the content of the National Reports


A first insight into the National Reports has given evidence of the following general considerations:

*    The content of the National Reports, commonly  based on the ENSREG Technical Specifications, shows differences from one country to another in         terms of:

-          NPP basic design provisions, level of implementation of  defense in depth and capacity of  implemented safety measures;

-          Approach to perform the  required  re-assessment;

-          Ways to report about the results of re-assessments;

-        Evidence of interface between operator (performing the re-assessment) and the regulator (evaluating the results)  with indication  of      Regulator positions;

*       These differences give space to comparisons,  transfer of  approaches and insights into  proposed  technical , organizational and management          solutions;

*    The results of the assessment and the role performed by the Regulators in monitoring, requesting and evaluating the methods, requirements and        results confirm, once more, the importance of the ‘’active’’ role, of  the ‘’independence’’ and capacity of the Regulator - and its technical support          organizations - to ensure effective and ‘’continuous’’ improvement of safety of nuclear facilities.


*          Specifically on the status and robustness of operating  NPPs - as shown  by the National Reports -  it appears that:

·     extreme accident scenarios are taken into consideration on a deterministic basis and NPP response assessed and margins estimated;


·     a consistent number of issues of the EU operating NPPs with respect to the considered extreme scenarios  have been identified and actions are needed, and planned, to resolve them;


·     an  improved  view of the NPP capacity to respond  to extreme external accident scenarios has been investigated and studied;


·     an advanced insight into the needed ultimate hardware and organization to manage extreme scenarios has been achieved;


·     concepts of ultimate ‘’material’’ (resisting to common mode failure risk for flooding and earthquake) have been elaborated (or going to be) and adopted to increase NPP robustness;


·     additional analysis and investigation have been identified as necessary to complete the assessment (and the related improvement measures) also based on issues raised by the national regulators;

Finally it has to be noticed that the process of the ‘’EU stress Tests’’ with the established requirements from ENSREG , represents  a substantial step forward on the way of the transparency, which is a significant promoter of the continuous improvement principle.




TSO Forum

Meeting at IAEA Headquarters in Vienna
18–20 January 2012

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ITER-Consult as member of the TSO Forum has participated in the Meeting held at IAEA in Vienna on January 18-20, 2012.

The TSO Forum was established in July 2011 with the objective to:

·         encourage open dialogue and sharing of scientific and technical information among TSOs worldwide

·         promote coordination and collaboration among the TSOs and contribute to the worldwide harmonization of practices.

·         strengthen the role of TSOs and their global coordination and collaboration, including countries in the process of expanding or embarking on a     nuclear programme;

·         promote coordination and collaboration among the TSOF Member States to foster scientific and technical capacity building including education     and training;

·         share and mutually learn safety and security experience and communicate lessons learned including feedback on the use of IAEA Safety     Standards and security publications.

The elected Chairperson of the TSOF Steering Committee is Mr. Jacques Repussard (Director of IRSN).

ITER-Consult will contribute to the activity of the TSOF by:

-          participation in the elaboration of IAEA Safety Guides for TSO activity and requirements

-          ensuring coordination with the RCF (Regulator Cooperation Forum)

-          promoting capacity building and training and tutoring activity

-          collecting  lessons learned from Fukushima accident

-          contributing to the organization of  the TSO conference in China in 2013

The IAEA, as Secretariat of this forum, will facilitate and promote coordination and collaboration of TSOF and Steering Committee activities. The Secretariat will also host and maintain the website (

The members of the TSO Forum from Italy are: ENEA and ITER-Consult.


 ITER-Consult  Annual Meeting 2011
               December 16, 2011 



The ITER-Consult yearly meeting reporting on activities and achievements in 2011 with an indication of future expectations, has taken place on December 16, 2011  in Rome at VILLA EUR - Parco dei Pini -  P.le M. Champagnat, 2.


Program & Presentations



          ISSC EBP – WA3: Seismic safety Evaluation
  Third Review Meeting of the KARISMA Benchmark
                    December 6-8, 2011 - IAEA Vienna

The third review meeting of the KARISMA Benchmark has taken place in Vienna on December 6 – 8, 2011. The main objective of the 3rd Review Meeting (RM) is to share the results obtained by different team during the phase III of the benchmark exercise, to discuss general lessons learned from benchmark exercise and suggestion for content of TECDOC.

ITER-Consult has presented the results of study for the  Phase III of Structural Task related to ‘’Margin Assessment’’, the main difficulties and suggestion for a TECDOC. Attached the Poster summarizing the major aspects of the study during phase III consisting in:

a)     Push-over analyses of the general 3D Finite Element Model, applying a uniform distribution of horizontal accelerations. Two boundary conditions have been considered. In the first series of the analysis a fixed base structure model has been used. In the second analysis soil structure interaction effects have been taken into account.

b)    Non linear dynamic analysis using a simplified model obtained from the 3D general Finite Element Model through push-over analyses conducted using the first and the second eigenvectors.

c)     Consideration on a comprehensive  approach to assess margins with respect to ultimate status of Reactor Building (RB) structure and with respect to the loss of the ‘’NPP capacity to bring and maintain the NPP (reactor  core and spent fuel)  in a safe status". The last being  linked with the systems and equipment needed to ensure the main safety functions (criticalities of interfaces between RB structures and systems/components)

ITER Poster Phase III


            IAEA – ISSC - EBP Working Group 10.1
“Workshop on Public Communication on Nuclear Safety against External Events”                                           Kashiwazaki 3rd – 4th December, 2011



A Workshop on ‘’Public Communication on Nuclear Safety against External Events’’ has taken place in Japan - Kashiwazaki on December 3-4, 2011 organized by IAEA and hosted by JNES and the cooperative partner NIIT at the JNES Kashiwazaki Seismic Safety Centre in Japan.

The workshop under the co-chairmanship of JNES (Prof. Takada) and ITER-Consult (Mr. Madonna) has seen the participation of IAEA (Mr. Morita), JNES, ITER-Consult, local authorities, representatives from the public and  experts from other institutions and Universities.

The objective was to collect the experience of the public communication during the 2007 emergency in Kashiwazaki-Kariwa (Chuetsu-oki Earthquake of July 2007 10.13 am), to present the major issues for public communication both during the overall lifetime of a NF and during the emergency, to discuss the roles and responsibilities of regulators, operators, government and local authorities and transparency requirements.

A preliminary discussion was held on structure and content of a TECDOC to be developed by IAEA with guidelines for the communication to the public.

At the beginning of September 2012 a Workshop on Public Communication, with the participation of representatives of relevant EU stakeholders, highlighting the EU experience and initiatives in progress for effective public communication will be organized in Rome hosted by ITER-Consult.


ISSC EBP Agenda Workshop Kashiwazaki 3-4 Dic.'11


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Memorandum of Understanding
ITER-Consult of Italy - NRSC of Armenia
                        November 7,  2011

A Memorandum of Understanding  has been signed on November 7, 2011  between ITER-Consult of Italy and NRSC (Nuclear and Radiation Safety Center) of Armenia for cooperation in the field of nuclear and radiation safety.

The cooperation agreement has the objective to promote co-operation and reciprocal support in national and international activities related to nuclear safety, security and radiation safety of nuclear facilities and related activities.



Draft IAEA Safety Guide DS 429
October 2011

The IAEA Draft Safety Guide DS 429 on ‘’ External Expert Support for the Regulatory Body’’ is in the final phase of the elaboration process. ITER-Consult is contributing to the development in cooperation with the IAEA: the formal issue is expected in 2012.

The objective of this Safety Guide is to provide guidance and recommendations on both: how the nuclear regulatory body should identify and obtain external  technical support  and how to use it in the internal  evaluation and decision making process.



IAEA Draft Safety Guide DS 429



 IAEA TSO Forum Membership
October 2011

The IAEA General Conference in September 2011 in Vienna has formally established the TSO Forum dedicated to scientific and technical support for nuclear safety infrastructure development issues. This initiative was fostered since the second IAEA International Conference on TSO  which was held in Tokyo from 25 to 29 October 2010.

The recent event at the Fukushima NPP and the subsequent Ministerial Conference at the IAEA in June 2011 further highlighted the need of a TSO Forum. The IAEA, as Secretariat of this forum, will facilitate and promote coordination and collaboration of Member State activities.

The objective of the TSO Forum (TSOF) is to encourage open dialogue, to share scientific and technical information among TSOs worldwide contributing to the harmonization of practices. In particular the TSOF activities will aim at:  

*     Strengthening the role of TSOs and their global coordination and collaboration, including countries in the process of expanding or embarking on a         nuclear program;

*     Enhancing the nuclear and radiation safety and security of nuclear facilities and activities by providing technical and scientific support to regulatory         bodies, institutions and governments in order to achieve the highest possible level of safety and security.


ITER-Consult has joined the TSO Forum in October 2011..



SNETP membership
October 5, 2011

The Sustainable Nuclear Energy Technology Platform brings together some 100 members from 19 European countries, including all the major nuclear industrial, technical and research players. Formally launched in September 2007, SNE-TP represents a major effort to better coordinate research activities in the area of nuclear fission safety and systems, and to collaborate more effectively in implementing research of strategic importance for Europe.

The 100 European stakeholders belong to: industry, research, academia, technical safety organisations, non-governmental organisations and national representatives.

Four working groups report to the executive committee of the SNETP:

*      strategic research agenda,

*      deployment strategy,

*      education, training and knowledge management and

*      task force of the European Sustainable Nuclear Industrial Initiative.


ITER-Consult has joined the SNETP  in October 2011.




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Memorandum of Understanding
ITER-Consult of Italy - SSTC-NRS of Ukraine
July  27, 2011

A Memorandum of Understanding  has been signed in July 2011 between ITER-Consult of Italy and SSTC – NRS (State Scientific-Technical Center on Nuclear and Radiation Safety) of Ukraine for cooperation in the field of nuclear and radiation safety.

It has the objective to establish effective cooperation and promote reciprocal support in national and international activities related to nuclear safety, security and radiation safety of nuclear facilities and related activities.




 Council Directive 2011/70/Euratom of 19 July 2011


The Council Directive 2011/70/Euratom establishing a Community framework for the responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste has been formally issued on July 19, 2011.

This Directive sets out a European Community framework for ensuring responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste with a view to preventing both workers and the general public from dangers arising from ionizing radiation. It lays down specific provisions concerning the management of radioactive waste, from generation to disposal. The Directive requires Member States to establish a national legislative, regulatory and organizational framework in this field.

This EU Council Directive follows the previous Council Directive 2009/71/Euratom of June 25,  2009 establishing a Community framework for the nuclear safety of nuclear installations. Both Directives belong to the process to grant to the EU more responsibility for nuclear safety.



Council Directive 2009/71/Euratom (waste and spent fuel)                                                                  Council Directive 2011/70/Euratom (nuclear safety)



ENSREG 1st Conference
June 2011



The first European Regulatory  Conference has been held on 28 and 29 June 2011 in Brussels. It has been  organized by the group of the  European nuclear safety regulators  (ENSREG) with the aim to describe the achievements made during the last ten years in the process to improving nuclear safety in Europe. In that period extensive cooperation between the regulators from the 27 Member States has produced substantial development of common ground and practices to improve nuclear safety.

The  conference has presented  the substantial technical work undertaken by WENRA on: safety reference levels for existing nuclear power plants, safe management of radioactive waste and spent fuel and, more recently, on the crucial topic of the safety objectives for new nuclear power plants.

The conference has  also provided an opportunity to present the activity of ENSREG: an independent, authoritative expert body created in 2007 following a decision of the EC having with a consultative  of the Commission on nuclear safety and radioactive waste management.

ENSREG has established three working groups to undertake its work program:

*      WG1 on Nuclear Safety

*      WG2 on Waste Management

*      WG3 on Transparency


During the Conference  the  European regulators have provided  an overview of the challenges they will have to face in the years ahead, notably on the safety of new reactors, extending the service life of existing reactors and safe decommissioning of nuclear installations.

Finally, stakeholders, NGOs, non-European regulators and international organizations dealing with nuclear safety have been given the floor to comment on how nuclear safety is organized in Europe and on recent developments in this part of the world.



ENSREG Declaration for EU Stress Test
June  2011 

After the accident that occurred on March 11th at Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan, the European Council, in its meeting of March 24th 2011, agreed on a plan to subject all the European nuclear power plants to a homogeneous set of “stress tests” making it possible to assess their capacity to withstand situations beyond their respective Design Bases and identify the safety margins existing with respect to these bases, and the potential measures that might be implemented to improve their safety.
During a meeting held in Brussels on April 15th, with the participation of the EU, the regulatory bodies of the EU countries and industry representatives agreed that ENSREG, with technical support provided by WENRA, should draw up a proposal developing the technical content of the stress tests and define a method for their performance.
Based on the proposal drawn up by WENRA, ENSREG issued a declaration on May 14, 2011 defining the technical specifications for the ‘’stress tests’’ subsequently submitted to the European Council during its meeting of June 10th.

The main milestones of the ‘’Stress Tests’’ are the following:


Main milestones and schedule of  ‘’Stress Tests’’:


Stress Tests scope and modalities                                                   May 2011

Requirements by national regulators to Operators                              June 01. 2011

Licensee progress reports to regulators                                             August 15, 2011

Licensee final reports to national regulators                                       October 31, 2011

National Regulators review                                                               December. 2011

EU Peer Review of national reports                                                   April 2012

EC and ENSREG report to the EU Council                                       June 2012


ENSREG Declaration Stress Tests



Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident
  ITER-Consult - Preliminary Report
May 2011

ITER-Consult has issued in May a Preliminary Report on the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident. The report provides background information on Fukushima Daiichi NPP and tries to collect the available information, with elements of discussion, on the main aspects of the accident: the initiator seismic event and consequent tsunami, the evolution of the accident, its management and the radiological impact. A number of preliminary emerging considerations are elaborated to contribute to the process to learn from the accident.

ITER-Consult - Preliminary Report

21-23 April 2011
Islamabad - Pakistan

ITER-Consult will take part in the International Seminar organized by the Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority (PNRA) in cooperation with IAEA. The Seminar will  face many themes as: current nuclear regulatory challenges, regulatory assessment of NPPs, long term/beyond designe life operation of NPPs, regulatory aspects of innovative/modern designe of NPPs, physical protection practices in regulating NPPs and sealed radioactive sources.

More details

Recent decisions about italian nuclear program
 31 March 2011
Rome - Italy

With the Decreto Legge n. 34 of 31 march 2011, the italian Government has declared the effectiveness suspension of the regulation n.31 of 15 february 2010, in particular the art. 5 states:

"1. Allo scopo di acquisire ulteriori evidenze scientifiche sui parametri di sicurezza, anche in ambito comunitario, in relazione alla localizzazione, realizzazione ed esercizio nel territorio nazionale di impianti di produzione di energia elettrica nucleare, per un anno dalla data di entrata in vigore del presente decreto resta sospesa l'efficacia delle disposizioni degli articoli da 3 a 24, 30, comma 2, 31 e 32 del decreto legislativo 15 febbraio 2010, n. 31.
2. In deroga a quanto disposto dal comma 1, la sospensione dell'efficacia non si applica alle disposizioni individuate nel medesimo comma nelle parti in cui si riferiscono alla localizzazione, costruzione ed esercizio del Parco tecnologico e del deposito nazionale."

WENRA first proposal about European “stress tests”
on nuclear power plants
Published on 23.03.11


Definition and objective

We define a “stress test” as a targeted reassessment of the safety margins of NPPs in the light of the events which occurred in Fukushima.
This reassessment will be based on the existing safety studies and engineering judgment to evaluate the behavior of a nuclear power plant when facing a set of challenging situations (those envisaged under the following section “technical scope”).
For a given plant, the reassessment will report on the behavior of the plant (most probable behavior, with mention of potential cliff-edge effect) for each of the considered situations.
The results of the reassessment may indicate a need for additional safety provisions being technical or organizational (such as procedures, human resources, emergency response organization, use of external resources).
It remains a national responsibility to take any appropriate measures resulting from the reassessment.
Technical scope

The scope takes into account the issues that have been directly highlighted by the events that occurred in Fukushima and the possibility for combination of initiating events. The following situations will be envisaged

Initiating events
1. Earthquake exceeding the design basis
2. Flooding exceeding the design basis
3. Other extreme external conditions challenging the specific site

Consequential loss of safety functions
4. Prolonged total loss of electrical power
5. Prolonged loss of the ultimate heat sink

Accident management issues
6. Core melt accident, including consequential effects such as hydrogen accumulation
7. Degraded conditions in the spent fuel storage, including consequential effects such as the loss of shielding of radiation

Consideration should be given to:
- automatic actions,
- operators actions specified in emergency operating procedures,
- any other planned measures of prevention, recovery and mitigation of accidents, - the situation outside the plant
- the possibility of several units being affected at the same time.

Given the tight timeframe of the exercise, very clear guidance for each selected scenario will be developed by WENRA.
Methodology and timeframe

The licensee has the prime responsibility for safety. Hence, it is up to the licensees to perform the reassessments, and to the regulatory bodies to independently review them.
A task force of WENRA should conduct discussions with the European nuclear industry and bring its proposal to the European Nuclear Safety Regulators Group (ENSREG) meeting scheduled on the 12th of May. This proposal will then be presented and further discussed at the European level.
Timeframe needs further consideration, taking into account the available resources for daily focus on safety. The following figures are just indications.
The licensees could be given 6 months to perform the reassessments as described above and to send the results and related documentation to their national regulator.
The regulator then would perform a review of the licensees’ submissions. Interactions between European regulators will be necessary and could be managed through WENRA or ENSREG. Regulators will perform, within 3 months, the review and produce a report which should be published.
Results of the reviews could be discussed in a public seminar, to which other experts (from non nuclear field, from NGOs, etc) should be invited.
 Brussels, 24/25 March 2011
Conclusions. Extract for Nuclear Safety
The European Union will support Japan as it strives to overcome the challenges it faces after the earthquake and the tsunami that struck it with such tragic consequences……..
In this connection, the European Council stresses the need to fully draw the lessons from these events, and to provide all necessary information to the public. Recalling that the energy mix is the competence of Member States, it calls for work to be taken forward as a matter of priority on the following aspects:
·         - the safety of all EU nuclear plants should be reviewed, on the basis of a comprehensive and transparent risk and safety assessment ("stress tests"); the European Nuclear Safety Regulatory Group (ENSREG) and the Commission are invited to develop as soon as possible the scope and modalities of these tests in a coordinated framework in the light of lessons learned from the accident in Japan and with the full involvement of Member States, making full use of available expertise (notably from the Western European Nuclear Regulators Association); the assessments will be conducted by independent national authorities and through peer review; their outcome and any necessary subsequent measures that will be taken should be shared with the Commission and within the ENSREG and should be made public; the European Council will assess initial findings by the end of 2011, on the basis of a report from the Commission;
·         - the priority of ensuring the safety of nuclear plants obviously cannot stop at our borders; the EU will request that similar "stress tests" be carried out in the neighboring countries and worldwide, regarding both existing and planned plants; in this regard full use should be made of relevant international organizations;
·         - the highest standards for nuclear safety should be implemented and continuously improved in the EU and promoted internationally;
·         - the Commission will review the existing legal and regulatory framework for the safety of nuclear installations and will propose by the end of 2011 any improvements that may be necessary. Member States should ensure the full implementation of the Directive on the safety of nuclear installations. The proposed Directive on the management of spent fuel and radioactive waste should be adopted as soon as possible. The Commission is invited to reflect on how to promote nuclear safety in neighboring countries;
·         - consequences for the world and for the EU need to be closely monitored, paying particular attention to the volatility of energy and commodity prices, in particular in the context of the G20.
1st Meeting of the Technical Advisory Committee
 April 15, 2011
Rome - Italy

The Committee made up of national and international eminent experts is convened at request of ITER-Consult management to evaluate and provide advices on relevant technical and strategic topics. The outcomes of the meeting will be published on the ITER-Consult website.

ITER-Consult cooperation with IAEA
International Seismic Safety Center

Extra Budgetary Program

February 2011, Italy
 ITER-Consult, as donor, is contributing to the following Working Areas (WA) and Working Groups (WG):




WA1 : Seismic Hazard



Development of supporting document for new Safety Guide DS422/SSG-9 with emphasis on coherency with historical  damage data, reduction of epistemic uncertainties and choice  of seismic design level (or performance goal).


Slope stability and soil liquefaction.

WA2 : Seismic design and qualification

WG 2-1

Development of detailed guidance on seismic design and qualification of SSCs for nuclear installations,  appraisal of state-of-practice on structural dynamic analysis methods.

WA3  : Seismic safety evaluation


WG 3-2 

Development of detailed guidance for seismic safety evaluation,   KARISMA Benchmark project, development of detailed guidance on probabilistic safety assessment for seismic events, Real-time safety assessment system (RTSS) to evaluate NPP’s response when subjected to external events (seismic and others)

WA7 : Engineering aspects of protection against sabotage

WG 7-1 

Response/performance of SSC ,  vital area identification , Sabotage Margin Assessment (SMA).

WA8 :  Site evaluation and external events and safety assessment

WG 8-1 

Identification of external events and screening , hazard assessment of external events, safety assessment.

WA10  : Public communication

WG10-1 (leadership with JNES)  

Public Communication, findings and lessons from the communication to the public in the aftermath of Niigataken Chuetsu-Oki Earthquake 2007,  development of detailed guidance on evaluating public perception to external hazards and preparing communicational procedures.
Agency for Nuclear Safety in Italy
February 2011

The President of the Italian Republic , Giorgio Napolitano, has signed on February 11, the presidential decree ratifying the nomination of 5 members of the ‘’Consiglio Direttivo’’ of the  Agency for Nuclear Safety in Italy:


Prof. Umberto Veronesi


Prof. Maurizio Cumo
Prof. Marco Ricotti
Dr. Stefano Dambruoso
Dr. Stefano Laporta

To follow the publication in the Official Gazette.


Course on

"Severe Accident Phenomenology"
January 10 - 14, 2011
Pisa - Italy

The Severe Accident (SA) Research Network of excellence SARNET-2 is sponsoring a new one-week Course entitled "Severe Accident Phenomenology". This course is a part of the Excellence Spreading activities of SARNET-2 and it will focus on disseminating the knowledge gained on SA in the last two decades to Master-PhD students, young engineers and researchers. The SARNET-2 project is co-funded by the EURATM research program in the 7th Framework Programme of the European Commission.

More details

Organized by

Regulatory Cooperation Forum
  September 24, 2010
IAEA - Vienna

On 24th of September,  on the side of the IAEA General Conference, the first plenary meeting of the  Regulatory Cooperation Forum (RCF) took place after the inception meeting on 21st of June 2010.

The initiative to establish a forum  providing effective coordination and collaboration among requesting Member States and those asked to provide regulatory support, was agreed during the 2009 IAEA Conference on Effective Nuclear Regulatory Systems held in Cape Town, South Africa.


Members of the Forum met under the IAEA´s aegis to discuss strategies and plans for the coming months. Coordination and information sharing is seen as a crucial tool to address the needs of nuclear newcomers and to guarantee that effective regulations are in place across the world´s nuclear sector.


Khammar Mrabit, Head of the IAEA Safety and Security Coordination Section, described in detail the aims and the scope of the IAEA-supported Regulatory Cooperation Forum.

Jordan was selected as recipient country to receive the first JRC mission whose results were reported during the meeting by RCF Chairman Mike Weightman and the JNRC Chairman Jamal Sharaf.


ITER Participation in IAEA ISSC Extra-Budgetary 
Programs activities
  August 25 – 27,  2010

Considering the international cooperation and networking as a fundamental way to maintain competence, capability and knowledge, ITER-Consult is significantly committed, with its senior experts, in cooperation with IAEA in EBP programs. In particular for:


·     Karisma benchmark to study the effects of July 2007 severe earthquake  in Japan on the Kashiwazaki Kariwa NPP units and their design margin.


·     Working areas on seismic hazard analysis and for seismic design.


The cooperation with IAEA envisages also coordination and leading function of ITER-Consult for the EBP activity in order to

develop objectives, approaches and requirements in the field of Public and Media interaction.

The cooperation with IAEA and other international organizations has shown to be extremely effective to develop capabilities,

to maintain updated knowledge and to strengthen international cooperation and networking.



Training on

" NPP siting requirements and safety review "

May 24-28, 2010
Vicovaro (Roma) - Italy


In the framework of an EC financed project, a training course on ‘’Siting requirements and safety review for NPP’’ was carried out by ITER-Consult (leader), IRSN and STUK. The objective of the course was to train the staff of the regulatory authority and TSOs to get familiar with requirements, analyses, methods for site analysis, content of documentation (site report)  to be submitted for review to the regulatory authority and regulatory approach for review.

The training activity included an overview of the roles of different stakeholders and proceeded with a comprehensive set of lectures on the assessment process  which characterizes the site analyses, the logical progress and the sequence of the analyses starting from the preliminary survey of the site,  passing through consequent screening phases, up to the site detailed analyses. The objective is to identify and define the engineering measures to be taken in the design of  the NPP in order to protect it from the external events  as well as the provisions to be taken on the territory in order to consider, and minimize, the effects of the NPP on the environment and the public.


International Conference on Challenges Faced by Technical and Scientific Support Organization (TSO) in Enhancing Nuclear Safety and Security
October 25 - 29, 2010
Tokyo - Japan

The objective of this conference is to develop a common understanding of the responsibilities, needs and opportunities of the Technical and Scientific Support Organizations (TSOs). The conference will further promote international cooperation and networking among the TSOs to enhance nuclear safety, radiation safety and nuclear security. In addition, capacity building in countries with both extensive and limited experience in nuclear programmes, and in those countries embarking on nuclear power programmes for the first time, will be explored. The conference will build on approaches identified in the TSO conference of 2007 consistent with a global vision for TSOs within the framework of the Global Nuclear Safety and security Regime.

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International Technical Meeting
"Seismic Safety of NPPS"
March 25-26, 2010
Tivoli - Italy

Seismic  safety of Nuclear Power Plants is a key subject  deserving particular consideration in the use of nuclear energy.  Moreover this issue is a major concern in  public opinion especially in countries with a moderate to high seismicity and it has significant  impact on the development of nuclear energy programs.

Substantial attention needs to be paid to the seismic safety of NPP while developing a nuclear program.

In this perspective a Technical meeting on the ‘’Seismic Safety of NPP’’ is organized  by ITER-Consult, ENEA, CIRTEN and Sapienza University–Engineering Faculty with the main objective to exchange views and discuss the topic of seismic safety of NPPs based on international studies and research activities, lessons learned from experience, current design and regulatory practices.


Recent laws in nuclear field issued in Italy:

 -  Decreto legislativo del 15 febbraio 2010 , n. 31 ’’Disciplina della localizzazione, della realizzazione e dell’esercizio nel territorio nazionale di impianti di produzione di energia elettrica nucleare, di impianti di fabbricazione del combustibile nucleare, dei sistemi di stoccaggio del combustibile irraggiato e dei rifiuti radioattivi, nonché misure compensative e campagne informative al pubblico, a norma dell’articolo 25 della legge 23 luglio 2009, n. 99- Supplemento ordinario n. 45/L alla Gazzetta Ufficiale  n. 55 del  8 marzo 2010.


 - Legge 23 luglio 2009, n. 99 "Disposizioni per lo sviluppo e l'internazionalizzazione delle imprese, nonché in materia di energia" (art.29) - Gazzetta Ufficiale n. 176 del 31 luglio 2009.