INSC A3.01/10 - A3.01/12
“Institutional building of
Armenian Nuclear Regulatory Authority”
On July 29, 2014 the Notification Letter from the EC DEVCO has stated the successful
outcome of the offer submitted by Riskaudit (Ref:
EuropeAid/135527/DH/SER/AM) leading the consortium formed by Riskaudit, ITER-Consult,
STUK, IRSN, GRS, SUJB, NRSC. The TPL (Technical Project Leader) for this
project is provided by ITER. The project provides support to the Nuclear
Regulatory Authority of Armenia (ANRA).
awarding procedure is in progress.
IPA 2013 Kosovo
"Support to Radiation
Protection andNuclear Safety"
1st Progress Meeting – 2nd Project
Steering Committee Meeting
Pristina - 23 July 2014
The 1st Progress Meeting and the 2nd PSC (Project
Steering Committee) Meeting of the Project “EuropeAid/133749/C/SER/XK”, managed
by ITER, took place on July 23, 2014 in Pristina at the EUO Kosovo office. ITER
(contractor), EUO Kosovo (contracting authority), KARPNS (beneficiary),
Ministry of Economic Development and Ministry of Health of Kosovo joined the 2nd
PSC meeting, with the objective to discuss the 1st Progress Report.
The Progress Meeting had the objective to present and
discuss the activities performed in the 1st semester (December 2013 – July
2014) and the planned activities for the 2nd semester.
“Development of radioactive waste
and spent fuel management strategy for Armenia”
1st Visit of Armenian delegation to RW
& SF Facilities in EU (Italy)
Italy, June 09–13, 2014
The visit (performed in the frame of the EC contract
A4.01/09, managed by ITER) had the objective to give the Armenian experts an
overview of the Italian policies and strategies on radioactive waste management
and the opportunity to visit relevant facilities in decommissioning and
national companies for institutional waste management. The Armenian experts met,
for discussion and exchange of information, the italian WMO (Waste Management
Organization) SOGIN, NUCLECO and the Italian Nuclear Regulatory Authority
INSC Project MC.03/10
Training and Tutoring for experts of the NRAs and their TSOs for developing
or strengthening their regulatory and technical capabilities - LOT 1
EC Contract N°
An updated Information notice concerning the progress
since start of the INSC Project T&T LOT1 Phase I is here available.
T&T LOT 1 Information Notice July 2014
“Provision of assistance related to developing and strengthening thecapabilities of the Jordan Nuclear Regulatory Commission (JNRC)”
On the Job Training at LENA
Pavia, April 14-18, 2014
the frame of the project JO/RA/02, financed by the EC with the objective to assist
the Nuclear Regulatory Authority (JNRC) of Jordan to develop capacity and
competencies, the “On the Job Training’’ on operational and safety aspects of
research reactor was organized by ITER and LENA (Laboratorio Energia Nucleare
Applicata), took place in Pavia (Italy) in the week April 14-18, 2014. The
training had the objective to get familiar with specific topics related to the
Research Reactor operation, safety aspects of operation in normal and accident
conditions, and perform exercise and practical applications onsite the facility.
The participant from JNRC appreciated very much the organization and the
content of the course making excellent profit.
“Development of Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel
Management Strategy for Armenia”
First Progress Meeting
Yerevan, April 15, 2014
April 15, 2014 in Yerevan was held the first Progress Meeting for the EC-INSC
project A4.01/09, financed by the EC with the objective to support the Ministry
of Energy to develop a Radioactive Waste and Spent fuel Management strategy. The
participant organization were: ITER (Contractor), SOGIN, IBERDROLA, STUK, ANRA,
ME&NR, RADON, ATOMSERVICE.
The meeting had the objective to present and discuss the activity performed in the
1st semester (October 2013- March 2014) and the planning of activities for the
next reporting period. It was confirmed that the activities are progressing
respecting the time schedule and no major problems are identified in the
implementation of the project tasks.
Cooperation with the Beneficiary/End-users is proceeding well ensuring full
achievement of project objectives.
IPA 2013 Kosovo
"Support to Radiation Protection andNuclear Safety"
April 1-3, 2014
the European Commission Project IPA 2013 Kosovo, a Technical Workshop took
place in Pristina on April 1-3, 2014, at Hotel Prishtina; with participation of
ITER, ISPRA, KARPNS (Kosovo Agency for
Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety) and other stakeholders from national
authorities of Kosovo. The meeting had the main objective to present and to discuss
the basic aspects related to different topics, both legal and operational, of nuclear
and radiation protection safety. Each topic was followed by a discussion
clarifying the content of the presentation and comparing with the current
situation in Kosovo. The workshop had also the objective to promote the role
and functions of the Agency KARPNS in Kosovo.
IPA 2013 Kosovo
"Support to Radiation Protection andNuclear Safety"
Project Steering Committee (PSC) Meeting
February 6, 2014
The first PSC
Meeting of the Project “EuropeAid/133749/C/SER/XK” took place on February 6,
2014 in Pristina at the EUO Kosovo office. The meeting had the objective to
present, discuss and clarify with the members of the PSC the Project Inception Report (IR).
IAEA Donors meeting
27-31 January 2014
On January 27-31, 2014
in Vienna at IAEA has been held the Plenary Meeting of the ISSC EBP program
with participation of Donor Organization among which ITER. The meeting had the
Share information on the progress of activities of the ICCS EBP
(10 working areas divided in more working groups) mainly focus on the
protection of nuclear installations from external site hazards
Invite other organization toparticipate in the activity of the ISSC EBP program
INSC Project MX3.01/10
cooperation with the Regulatory Authorities of Mexico”
Task 4-Task 5 Workshop
Mexico City, 27-31
The activity of Task 4
and Task 5 of the INSC project MX3.01/10, managed by Riskaudit, were completed
on January 27-31 January 2014, in Mexico city at the CNSNS premises with participation
of IRSN, GRS and ITER. Task 4 referred to the development of the CNSNSA Training Plan
and Task 5 to develop the Risk Informed approach in the regulatory
decision making process.
INSC Project A4.01/09
‘’Development of Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel
Management Strategy for Armenia’’
Task2 -Task3 Meeting
Yerevan, January 20-23, 2014
The first technical
meeting of Task 2 and Task 3 of the project INSC A4.01/09 took place in Yerevan
on January 20-23, 2014 with
participation of ITER , SOGIN, STUK, IBERDROLA, ME&NR, ANRA.
IPA 2013 Kosovo "Support to Radiation Protection
and Nuclear Safety"
Pristina, December 16 -17, 2013
ITER-Consult has signed
on November 4, 2013 the EC Contract №
2013/330-096 for the IPA 2013 Project in Kosovo "Support to
Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety"
: 555.500 €uro
The Inception Meeting is planned for December 16 – 17, 2013 in Pristina with
the objective to present, and discuss the project objective and scope, address
all organizational issues, interfaces and lines of communication, define a work
plan and related preliminary schedule. The project partners (ITER, STUK, ISPRA,
NUCLECO) will participate together with the Beneficiary KARPNS (Kosovo Agency for
radiation protection and nuclear safety) and the EU Office in Kosovo.
INSC Project UK/TS/41
“Development and implementation of risk-informed
approaches to NPP operation and maintenance”
Project Progress Meeting and Task 2 Workshop
Vicovaro (RM), December 9-11,2013
In the frame of the
Project UK/TS/41, on December 9-11. 2013
in Vicovaro at ITER premises, the Progress Meeting and the Task 2 workshop took
place with the participation of: RISKAUDIT, ITER-Consult, GRS/TUEV SUED,
STUK/VTT, SSTC, SNRIU. The workshop dealt with the development of Ukrainian regulatory
guidelines on risk informed approach to regulation of Ukrainian NPPs, repair
and maintenance optimization, PSA expert review, requirements for living PSA.
IAEA EBP Program
Consultancy Meeting on WA 10.1 : ‘’Public information’’
Rome 17-18 November 2013
The Consultancy Meeting organized by IAEA and ITER-Consult in Rome had the objective to make progress in the
working group activity on the issue of public communication on safety of nuclear installations against site
events. The participants from IAEA, JNES, ITER and ISPRA elaborated a new revised Table of Content (ToC) of the TECDOC
‘’Effective Public Communication on Siting of
Nuclear Facilities against External Hazards’’. ITER was proposed as
leading organization for the drafting of the
document on behalf of IAEA and
coordinating the potential expertise to be involved.
‘’Development of Radioactive Waste and
Management Strategy for Armenia’’
Yerevan on October
The Inception Meeting of the EC INSC project A4.01/09 took place in Yerevan
at the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources on October 28-29, 2013. The meeting, according to the TOR, had the objective to present, discussand clarify all project organizational issues, interfaces and lines of
communication, project management, task activity and coordination, task
implementation, schedule and required input, working groups, responsibilities
of participants, steering committee, quality management.
The meeting was opened with the welcome from the main beneficiary Mr. A.
Gevorgyan (ME&NR) and presentations of participants from EC, from the beneficiary-Endusers (MENR, ANRA, ANPP,
RADON) and the partners of the Contractor team (ITER, STUK, SOGIN, IBERDROLA,
The Contractor gave a detailed presentation of the overall projects and of
the expects activity and outputs of each task. A fruitful discussion took place
to define the Working Groups, the project organizational issues, the implementation
strategy and required inputs, the project deliverables, the implementation
schedule, the responsibilities of the project participants, the ways of communication between the project
participants and stakeholders, the approval procedure of project deliverables, the
composition of a Steering Committee, the integrated quality management plan and
the Logframe matrix.
After the Inception meeting an Introductory Workshop on the topics of the
national infrastructure, legal and regulatory framework for RW and SNF
management, international and EU binding instruments and approaches took place.
INSC Project A4.01/09
‘’Development of Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Management
Strategy for Armenia’’
September 27, 2013
signed on September 27, 2013 the EC Contract for the INSC Project A4.01/09:
“Development of Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Management strategy for
: 995.500 €uro
INSC Project IPA Kosovo
“Support to Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety’’
On September 26,
2013 ITER-Consult has received the Notification Letter from the EC DEVCO
stating the successful outcome of the offer submitted by
ITER-Consult (Ref: EUROPEAID/133749/C/SER/XK)
leading the consortium ITER-Consult, Nucleco,
awarding procedure is in progress.
INSC Project A4.01/09
‘’Development of Radioactive Waste and Spent Fuel Management
Strategy for Armenia’’
On July 16, 2013 ITER-Consult has
received the Notification Letter fromthe EC DEVCO stating the successful outcome of the offer submitted by
ITER-Consult (Ref: EUROPEAID/134040/C/SER/AM) leading the consortium formed by - ITER-Consult, STUK, ARAO, SOGIN, IBERDROLA,
The contract awarding procedure is in progress.
INSC Project MC.03/10
Training and Tutoring for experts of the NRAs and their TSOs
their regulatory and technical capabilities - LOT 1
The PROGRESS MEETING N. 3 took place on
July 17 in Brussels presenting to the EC
DEVCO the status of implementation of
the project, the planned activity for the next semester, the achievements and
the feedback from the performed T&T courses.
Eight training courses have been implemented
since the beginning for an overall duration of 9 weeks. Six of them developed as
‘’dedicated’’ and only two adopted as ‘’existing’’.
training courses included the first “regional”
course of the EC Project, organized in cooperation with ANNuR and carried out in Hammamet (Tunisia) in April 2013
with the participation of 26 trainees.
Up to July 2013 a total number of 98 trainees have been involved in the training activity coming from NRA/TSO of
the following Partner Countries:
In the regional course in Hammamet
‘’non-partner countries’’ members of ANNuR network were included: Libya (3
trainees), Mauritania (3 trainees), Sudan (4 trainees), Tunisia (3 trainees),
Yemen (4 trainees).
Six tutoring courses were carried out at
NRAs/ TSOs headquarters in EU (ISPRA/ITER, SNSA/JSI, STUK, SCK-CEN) for an
overall duration of 11 months. Two selected staff from the PCs participated in
each tutoring course for a total of 12 persons coming from NRA of Ukraine,
Brazil, Vietnam, Mexico, Armenia, Belorussia, Jordan and Malaysia.
A total of 22 man-month of tutoring activity has been implemented up to now.
From the Consultant side about 80 senior experts belonging to the organization of our project team (NRAs, TSOs and
research institutes) have contributed to the activity performed.
T&T LOT 1 Information Notice July 2013
SEISMIC SAFETY CENTRE (ISSC)
OF NUCLEAR INSTALLATION SAFETY (NSNI)
OF NUCLEAR SAFETY AND SECURITY (NS)
SAFETY OF EXISTING NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
KAshiwazaki-Kariwa Research Initiative
for Seismic Margin Assessment
After the Niigataken-chuetsu-oki
earthquake (NCOE), on 16 July 2007 that affected the Tokyo Electric Power
Company (TEPCO) Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Station (NPS) with a magnitude
of 6.6, a benchmark on the seismic behaviour of NPP has been organized by IAEA,
in the framework of the Working Area 2 (WA2) of the International Atomic Energy
Agency – Extra Budgetary Programme (IAEA-EBO) on Seismic Safety of Existing
Nuclear Power Plants.
The final report here available contains
the contribution of ITER-Consult to the benchmark, with specific reference to
the activities requested in Task 1- Structural
benchmark. It summarizes the work performed since 2009.
In subtask 1.1 analyses have been
developed to study the soil response, using ground motion records provided by
Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO). Response spectra have been evaluated at
free surface and at specific depths using aftershock and main shock data.
Maximum spectral accelerations of about 4.8 g have been calculated during the
A 3D finite element model has been
developed and used to evaluate the displacements and forces at specific points
of the reactor building (RB) structure.
In Subtask 1.2 of the benchmark, the
main shock response of the structure has been evaluated, with the two
hypotheses of fixed base and with soil structure interaction, taking into
account the nonlinear behaviour of the structure. The obtained results have
been compared to the recorded data during the NCOE earthquake.
The last subtask 1.3 of the
benchmark is devoted to margin assessment. This objective has been seen from two
margin with respect to ultimate status of RB structure. That is the increase in
the seismic demand causing the ultimate status of the RB structure, either
collapse or extensive cracking with loss of containment.
Assess margin with respect to the loss of the ‘’NPP
capacity to bring and maintain the NPP (reactor core and spent fuel) in a safe status". This loss is
logically linked with the systems and equipment needed to ensure the three main
safety functions caused by interaction of the RB structure with systems and
perspective has been covered by the analysis performed. The second approach,
linked to the Task 2 of the benchmark, needs to investigate the interfaces
between structures and systems/equipment to identify the margins with respect
to loss of NPP system capacity to ‘’ bring and maintain the NPP in a safe
The ITER report refers only to the assessment of the structural behaviour
of the Reactor Building and related margins: for that purpose it was identified
the “ultimate” earthquake that the structure can sustain and compared with the
NCOE earthquake that effectively hit the NPP.
ITC TD IAEA-KK 04 R1
issued on October 31, 2012
- EU STRESS TESTS
- September 2012
- The EU “stress tests” requested by the European Council of 24/25 March 2011 have been performed, as specific assessment, in each of the EU MS operating NPP, according to the ENSREG scope and modalities (ENSREG Declaration of May 13, 2011).
- The safety assessment performed by each operator, under request of the national nuclear regulators, have been focusing on:
- * Natural hazards
- * Loss of safety systems
- * Severe accident management
- On the basis of the assessment performed by the operators and related results, 17 Country Reports have been elaborated by the National Regulators and submitted for peer review to ENSREG team of experts.
- The results of the peer review are in the content of the Peer Review Reports approved by ENSREG on April 26, 2012.
- The findings and recommendations of the peer review have been addressed in ‘’Follow-up Action Plan’’ defined by national regulators and approved by ENSREG on August 1, 2012.
- The Follow-up Action Plans in each MS are now under implementations and are made public.
EU STRESS TESTS
EU PEER REVIEW OF NATIONAL REPORTS
January 20, 2012
The EU “stress
tests” on the operating Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) in 16 EU Member States are defined
as a ‘’targeted reassessment’’ of the safety margins of the EU NPP in the light of the events which occurred at Fukushima: extreme
natural events challenging the plant safety functions and leading to a severe
In an evaluation of the response of a NPP when
facing a set of extreme situations , and
In a verification of the preventive and mitigative
measures chosen following a defense in depth logic: initiating events,
consequential loss of safety functions, severe accident management.
The activity and reporting of Stress Tests are carried
out in accordance with the specifications and the principles for ‘’openness and
transparency" as adopted by ENSREG in May 2011.
The national regulatory bodies of 16 EU Member
States plus Switzerland and Ukraine have independently reviewed the stress tests
report elaborated by the operators and
prepared the National Reports for the EU Peer Review. These reports have been
made publicly available on the ENSREG website (www.ensreg.com)
by very beginning of 2012.
main TOPICS are identified as deserving
the focus of the re-assessment, in the light of the
events that occurred at Fukushima, including combination of initiating events
Topic 1 - Initiating Events (earthquakes, flooding and weather conditions)
Topic 2 -Loss of Safety Function (Loss of electrical power or
heat sink and combination of both)
Topic 3 -Severe Accident Management (organization and arrangements
to manage SA scenarios)
The EU Peer Review of National Reports is in
progress and the EU Peer Review Report will be issued at the end of April 2012.
ITER-Consult preliminary considerations on the
content of the National Reports
A first insight into the National Reports has
given evidence of the following general considerations:
The content of the National Reports, commonly based on the ENSREG Technical Specifications, shows differences from one country to another in terms
NPP basic design provisions, level of
implementation of defense in depth and
capacity of implemented safety measures;
Approach to perform the required
Ways to report about the results of re-assessments;
- Evidence of interface between operator (performing
the re-assessment) and the regulator (evaluating the results) with indication of Regulator positions;
These differences give space to comparisons, transfer of approaches and insights into proposed technical , organizational and management solutions;
The results of the assessment and the role
performed by the Regulators in monitoring, requesting and evaluating the methods,
requirements and results confirm, once more, the importance of the ‘’active’’
role, of the ‘’independence’’ and
capacity of the Regulator - and its technical support organizations - to ensure
effective and ‘’continuous’’ improvement of safety of nuclear facilities.
Specifically on the status and robustness of
operating NPPs - as shown by the National Reports - it appears that:
· extreme accident scenarios are taken into
consideration on a deterministic basis and NPP response assessed and margins
· a consistent number of issues of the EU
operating NPPs with respect to the considered extreme scenarios have been identified and actions are needed,
and planned, to resolve them;
improved view of the NPP capacity
to respond to extreme external accident
scenarios has been investigated and studied;
· an advanced insight into the needed ultimate hardware
and organization to manage extreme scenarios has been achieved;
· concepts of ultimate ‘’material’’ (resisting
to common mode failure risk for flooding and earthquake) have been elaborated
(or going to be) and adopted to increase NPP robustness;
· additional analysis and investigation have
been identified as necessary to complete the assessment (and the related
improvement measures) also based on issues raised by the national regulators;
Finally it has to be noticed that the process of the ‘’EU stress Tests’’
with the established requirements from ENSREG , represents a substantial step forward on the way of the transparency,
which is a significant promoter of the continuous improvement principle.
Meeting at IAEA
Headquarters in Vienna
18–20 January 2012
as member of the TSO Forum has participated in the Meeting held at IAEA in
Vienna on January 18-20, 2012.
Forum was established in July 2011 with the objective to:
encourage open dialogue and sharing of
scientific and technical information among TSOs worldwide
promote coordination and collaboration among
the TSOs and contribute to the worldwide harmonization of practices.
strengthen the role of TSOs and their global
coordination and collaboration, including countries in the process of expanding
or embarking on a nuclear programme;
promote coordination and collaboration
among the TSOF Member States to foster scientific and technical capacity
building including education and training;
share and mutually learn safety and
security experience and communicate lessons learned including feedback on the
use of IAEA Safety Standards and security publications.
elected Chairperson of the TSOF Steering Committee is Mr. Jacques Repussard
(Director of IRSN).
will contribute to the activity of the TSOF by:
participation in the elaboration of IAEA
Safety Guides for TSO activity and requirements
ensuring coordination with the RCF (Regulator
promoting capacity building and training
and tutoring activity
collecting lessons learned from Fukushima
contributing to the organization
of the TSO conference in China in 2013
as Secretariat of this forum, will facilitate and promote coordination and
collaboration of TSOF and Steering Committee activities. The Secretariat will
also host and maintain the website (http://gnssn.iaea.org).
members of the TSO Forum from Italy are: ENEA and
Annual Meeting 2011
- December 16, 2011
The ITER-Consult yearly meeting reporting on activities and
achievements in 2011 with an indication of future expectations, has taken place
on December 16, 2011 in Rome at VILLA
EUR - Parco dei Pini - P.le M. Champagnat, 2.
Program & Presentations
- ISSC EBP – WA3: Seismic safety Evaluation
- Third Review Meeting of the KARISMA Benchmark
- December 6-8, 2011 - IAEA Vienna
The third review meeting of the KARISMA
Benchmark has taken place in Vienna on December 6 – 8, 2011. The main objective
of the 3rd Review Meeting (RM) is to share the results obtained by different
team during the phase III of the benchmark exercise, to discuss general lessons
learned from benchmark exercise and suggestion for content of TECDOC.
ITER-Consult has presented the results of study
for the Phase III of Structural Task
related to ‘’Margin Assessment’’, the main difficulties and suggestion for a
TECDOC. Attached the Poster summarizing the major aspects of the study during
phase III consisting in:
Push-over analyses of the general 3D Finite Element Model, applying a
uniform distribution of horizontal accelerations. Two boundary conditions have
been considered. In the first series of the analysis a fixed base structure
model has been used. In the second analysis soil structure interaction effects
have been taken into account.
Non linear dynamic analysis using a simplified model obtained from the 3D
general Finite Element Model through push-over analyses conducted using the
first and the second eigenvectors.
Consideration on a comprehensive
approach to assess margins with respect to ultimate status of Reactor
Building (RB) structure and with respect to the loss of the ‘’NPP capacity to
bring and maintain the NPP (reactor core
and spent fuel) in a safe status".
The last being linked with the systems
and equipment needed to ensure the main safety functions (criticalities of
interfaces between RB structures and systems/components)
Poster Phase III
- IAEA – ISSC - EBP Working
- “Workshop on Public
Communication on Nuclear Safety against External Events” Kashiwazaki 3rd – 4th December, 2011
A Workshop on ‘’Public Communication on Nuclear Safety against External
Events’’ has taken place in Japan - Kashiwazaki on December 3-4, 2011 organized
by IAEA and hosted by JNES and the cooperative partner NIIT at the JNES
Kashiwazaki Seismic Safety Centre in Japan.
workshop under the co-chairmanship of JNES (Prof. Takada) and ITER-Consult (Mr.
Madonna) has seen the participation of IAEA (Mr. Morita), JNES, ITER-Consult,
local authorities, representatives from
the public and experts from other
institutions and Universities.
objective was to collect the experience of the public communication during the
2007 emergency in Kashiwazaki-Kariwa (Chuetsu-oki Earthquake of July 2007 10.13
am), to present the major issues for public communication both during the
overall lifetime of a NF and during the emergency, to discuss the roles and
responsibilities of regulators, operators, government and local authorities and
preliminary discussion was held on structure and content of a TECDOC to be
developed by IAEA with guidelines for the communication to the public.
beginning of September 2012 a Workshop on Public Communication, with the
participation of representatives of relevant EU stakeholders, highlighting the
EU experience and initiatives in progress for effective public communication
will be organized in Rome hosted by ITER-Consult.
EBP Agenda Workshop Kashiwazaki 3-4 Dic.'11
of Italy - NRSC of Armenia
A Memorandum of Understanding has been signed on November
7, 2011 between ITER-Consult of Italy and NRSC (Nuclear
and Radiation Safety Center) of Armenia for cooperation in the field of nuclear
and radiation safety.
The cooperation agreement has the
objective to promote co-operation and reciprocal support in national and
international activities related to nuclear safety, security and radiation
safety of nuclear facilities and related activities.
IAEA Safety Guide DS 429
IAEA Draft Safety Guide DS 429 on ‘’ External Expert Support for the Regulatory
Body’’ is in the final phase of the elaboration process. ITER-Consult is
contributing to the development in cooperation with the IAEA: the formal issue
is expected in 2012.
objective of this Safety Guide is to provide guidance and recommendations on
both: how the nuclear regulatory body should identify and obtain external technical support and how to use it in the internal evaluation and decision making process.
IAEA Draft Safety Guide DS 429
TSO Forum Membership
The IAEA General Conference in September
2011 in Vienna has formally established the TSO Forum dedicated to scientific and technical support for nuclear
safety infrastructure development issues. This initiative was fostered since
the second IAEA International Conference on TSO
which was held in Tokyo from 25 to 29 October 2010.
The recent event at the Fukushima NPP and
the subsequent Ministerial Conference at the IAEA in June 2011 further
highlighted the need of a TSO Forum. The IAEA, as Secretariat of this forum,
will facilitate and promote coordination and collaboration of Member State
The objective of the TSO Forum (TSOF) is
to encourage open dialogue, to share scientific and technical information among
TSOs worldwide contributing to the harmonization of practices. In particular
the TSOF activities will aim at:
Strengthening the role of TSOs and their global coordination and
collaboration, including countries in the process of expanding or embarking on
a nuclear program;
Enhancing the nuclear and radiation safety and security of nuclear
facilities and activities by providing technical and scientific support to
regulatory bodies, institutions and governments in order to achieve the highest
possible level of safety and security.
joined the TSO Forum in October 2011..
- October 5, 2011
Nuclear Energy Technology Platform brings together some 100
members from 19 European countries, including all the major nuclear industrial,
and research players. Formally launched in September 2007, SNE-TP represents a
major effort to better coordinate research activities in the area of nuclear
fission safety and systems, and to collaborate more effectively in implementing
research of strategic importance for Europe.
The 100 European
stakeholders belong to: industry, research, academia, technical safety
organisations, non-governmental organisations and national representatives.
groups report to the executive committee of the SNETP:
strategic research agenda,
education, training and knowledge management and
task force of the European Sustainable Nuclear Industrial Initiative.
joined the SNETP in October 2011.
of Italy - SSTC-NRS of Ukraine
A Memorandum of Understanding has been signed in July 2011 between
ITER-Consult of Italy and SSTC – NRS (State Scientific-Technical Center on
Nuclear and Radiation Safety) of Ukraine for cooperation in the field of
nuclear and radiation safety.
has the objective to establish effective cooperation and promote reciprocal
support in national and international activities related to nuclear safety,
security and radiation safety of nuclear facilities and related activities.
Directive 2011/70/Euratom of 19 July 2011
The Council Directive 2011/70/Euratom
establishing a Community framework for the responsible and safe management of
spent fuel and radioactive waste has been formally issued on July 19, 2011.
This Directive sets out a European
Community framework for ensuring responsible and safe management of spent fuel
and radioactive waste with a view to preventing both workers and the general
public from dangers arising from ionizing radiation. It lays down specific
provisions concerning the management of radioactive waste, from generation to
disposal. The Directive requires Member States to establish a national
legislative, regulatory and organizational framework in this field.
This EU Council Directive follows the
previous Council Directive 2009/71/Euratom of June 25, 2009 establishing a Community framework for
the nuclear safety of nuclear installations. Both Directives belong to the process
to grant to the EU more responsibility for nuclear safety.
(waste and spent fuel)
The first European Regulatory Conference has been held on 28 and 29 June
2011 in Brussels. It has been organized
by the group of the European nuclear
safety regulators (ENSREG) with the aim
to describe the achievements made during the last ten years in the process to
improving nuclear safety in Europe. In that period extensive cooperation
between the regulators from the 27 Member States has produced substantial development
of common ground and practices to improve nuclear safety.
conference has presented the
substantial technical work undertaken by WENRA on: safety reference levels for
existing nuclear power plants, safe management of radioactive waste
and spent fuel and, more recently, on the crucial topic of the safety
objectives for new nuclear power plants.
The conference has also provided an opportunity to present the
activity of ENSREG: an independent,
authoritative expert body created in 2007 following a decision of the EC
having with a consultative of the
Commission on nuclear safety and radioactive waste management.
has established three working groups
to undertake its work program:
WG1 on Nuclear Safety
WG2 on Waste Management
WG3 on Transparency
During the Conference the
European regulators have provided
an overview of the challenges they will have to face in the years ahead,
notably on the safety of new reactors, extending the service life of existing
reactors and safe decommissioning of nuclear installations.
Finally, stakeholders, NGOs, non-European
regulators and international organizations dealing with nuclear safety have
been given the floor to comment on how nuclear safety is organized in Europe
and on recent developments in this part of the world.
ENSREG Declaration for
EU Stress Test
- June 2011
After the accident that occurred on March 11th at Fukushima nuclear power
plant in Japan, the European Council, in its meeting of March 24th 2011, agreed on a plan to subject all the European
nuclear power plants to a homogeneous set of “stress tests” making it possible
to assess their capacity to withstand situations beyond their respective Design
Bases and identify the safety margins existing with respect to these bases, and
the potential measures that might be implemented to improve their safety.
During a meeting held in Brussels on April 15th, with the participation of
the EU, the regulatory bodies of the EU countries and industry representatives
agreed that ENSREG, with technical support provided by WENRA, should draw up a
proposal developing the technical content of the stress tests and define a
method for their performance.
Based on the proposal drawn up by WENRA, ENSREG issued a declaration on May
14, 2011 defining the technical specifications for the ‘’stress tests’’ subsequently
submitted to the European Council during its meeting of June 10th.
The main milestones of the
‘’Stress Tests’’ are the following:
Main milestones and schedule of ‘’Stress Tests’’:
Stress Tests scope and modalities May 2011
Requirements by national regulators to
Operators June 01. 2011
Licensee progress reports to regulators August 15,
Licensee final reports to national
regulators October 31,
National Regulators review December.
EU Peer Review of national reports April 2012
EC and ENSREG report to the EU Council June 2012
Declaration Stress Tests
Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident
ITER-Consult - Preliminary Report
ITER-Consult has issued in May a Preliminary Report on the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident.
The report provides background information on Fukushima Daiichi NPP and tries to collect the available
information, with elements of discussion, on the main aspects of the accident:
the initiator seismic event and consequent tsunami, the evolution of the accident,
its management and the radiological impact.
A number of preliminary emerging considerations are elaborated to contribute to the process
to learn from the accident.
ITER-Consult - Preliminary Report
INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR ON
SAFETY AND SECURITY CHALLENGHES OF THE
ITER-Consult will take part in the International
Seminar organized by the Pakistan Nuclear
Regulatory Authority (PNRA) in cooperation with
IAEA. The Seminar will face many themes as:
current nuclear regulatory challenges,
regulatory assessment of NPPs, long term/beyond
designe life operation of NPPs, regulatory
aspects of innovative/modern designe of NPPs,
physical protection practices in regulating NPPs
and sealed radioactive sources.
Recent decisions about italian nuclear
With the Decreto Legge n. 34 of 31 march 2011,
the italian Government has declared the
effectiveness suspension of the regulation n.31
of 15 february 2010, in particular the art. 5
Allo scopo di acquisire ulteriori evidenze
scientifiche sui parametri di sicurezza, anche
in ambito comunitario, in relazione alla
localizzazione, realizzazione ed esercizio nel
territorio nazionale di impianti di produzione
di energia elettrica nucleare, per un anno dalla
data di entrata in vigore del presente decreto
resta sospesa l'efficacia delle disposizioni
degli articoli da 3 a 24, 30, comma 2, 31 e 32
del decreto legislativo 15 febbraio 2010, n. 31.
2. In deroga a quanto disposto dal comma 1, la
sospensione dell'efficacia non si applica alle
disposizioni individuate nel medesimo comma
nelle parti in cui si riferiscono alla
localizzazione, costruzione ed esercizio del
Parco tecnologico e del deposito nazionale."
WENRA first proposal about
European “stress tests”
on nuclear power plants
Published on 23.03.11
Definition and objective
define a “stress test” as a targeted
reassessment of the safety margins
of NPPs in the light of the events
which occurred in Fukushima.
This reassessment will be based on
the existing safety studies and
engineering judgment to evaluate the
behavior of a nuclear power plant
when facing a set of challenging
situations (those envisaged under
the following section “technical
For a given plant, the reassessment
will report on the behavior of the
plant (most probable behavior, with
mention of potential cliff-edge
effect) for each of the considered
The results of the reassessment may
indicate a need for additional
safety provisions being technical or
organizational (such as procedures,
human resources, emergency response
organization, use of external
It remains a national responsibility
to take any appropriate measures
resulting from the reassessment.
scope takes into account the issues
that have been directly highlighted
by the events that occurred in
Fukushima and the possibility for
combination of initiating events.
The following situations will be
1. Earthquake exceeding the design
2. Flooding exceeding the design
3. Other extreme external conditions
challenging the specific site
Consequential loss of safety
4. Prolonged total loss of
5. Prolonged loss of the ultimate
Accident management issues
6. Core melt accident, including
consequential effects such as
7. Degraded conditions in the spent
fuel storage, including
consequential effects such as the
loss of shielding of radiation
Consideration should be given to:
- automatic actions,
- operators actions specified in
emergency operating procedures,
- any other planned measures of
prevention, recovery and mitigation
of accidents, - the situation
outside the plant
- the possibility of several units
being affected at the same time.
Given the tight timeframe of the
exercise, very clear guidance for
each selected scenario will be
developed by WENRA.
Methodology and timeframe
licensee has the prime
responsibility for safety. Hence, it
is up to the licensees to perform
the reassessments, and to the
regulatory bodies to independently
A task force of WENRA should conduct
discussions with the European
nuclear industry and bring its
proposal to the European Nuclear
Safety Regulators Group (ENSREG)
meeting scheduled on the 12th of
May. This proposal will then be
presented and further discussed at
the European level.
Timeframe needs further
consideration, taking into account
the available resources for daily
focus on safety. The following
figures are just indications.
The licensees could be given 6
months to perform the reassessments
as described above and to send the
results and related documentation to
their national regulator.
The regulator then would perform a
review of the licensees’
submissions. Interactions between
European regulators will be
necessary and could be managed
through WENRA or ENSREG. Regulators
will perform, within 3 months, the
review and produce a report which
should be published.
Results of the reviews could be
discussed in a public seminar, to
which other experts (from non
nuclear field, from NGOs, etc)
should be invited.
Brussels, 24/25 March
Conclusions. Extract for
The European Union will support
Japan as it strives to overcome the
challenges it faces after the
earthquake and the tsunami that
struck it with such tragic
In this connection, the European
Council stresses the need to fully
draw the lessons from these events,
and to provide all necessary
information to the public. Recalling
that the energy mix is the
competence of Member States, it
calls for work to be taken forward
as a matter of priority on the
- the safety of all EU nuclear
plants should be reviewed, on the
basis of a comprehensive and
transparent risk and safety
assessment ("stress tests"); the
European Nuclear Safety Regulatory
Group (ENSREG) and the Commission
are invited to develop as soon as
possible the scope and modalities of
these tests in a coordinated
framework in the light of lessons
learned from the accident in Japan
and with the full involvement of
Member States, making full use of
available expertise (notably from
the Western European Nuclear
Regulators Association); the
assessments will be conducted by
independent national authorities and
through peer review; their outcome
and any necessary subsequent
measures that will be taken should
be shared with the Commission and
within the ENSREG and should be made
public; the European Council will
assess initial findings by the end
of 2011, on the basis of a report
from the Commission;
- the priority of ensuring the
safety of nuclear plants obviously
cannot stop at our borders; the EU
will request that similar "stress
tests" be carried out in the
neighboring countries and worldwide,
regarding both existing and planned
plants; in this regard full use
should be made of relevant
the highest standards for nuclear
safety should be implemented and
continuously improved in the EU and
- the Commission will review the
existing legal and regulatory
framework for the safety of nuclear
installations and will propose by
the end of 2011 any improvements
that may be necessary. Member States
should ensure the full
implementation of the Directive on
the safety of nuclear installations.
The proposed Directive on the
management of spent fuel and
radioactive waste should be adopted
as soon as possible. The Commission
is invited to reflect on how to
promote nuclear safety in
- consequences for the world and for
the EU need to be closely monitored,
paying particular attention to the
volatility of energy and commodity
prices, in particular in the context
of the G20.
1st Meeting of the Technical Advisory
Rome - Italy
The Committee made up of national and
international eminent experts is convened at
request of ITER-Consult management to
evaluate and provide advices on relevant
technical and strategic topics. The outcomes
of the meeting will be published on the ITER-Consult
ITER-Consult cooperation with IAEA
International Seismic Safety Center
Extra Budgetary Program
ITER-Consult, as donor, is contributing to the following
Working Areas (WA) and Working Groups (WG):
WA1 : Seismic Hazard
Development of supporting document for new Safety
Guide DS422/SSG-9 with emphasis on coherency with
historical damage data, reduction of epistemic
uncertainties and choice of seismic design level
(or performance goal).
Slope stability and soil liquefaction.
WA2 : Seismic design and qualification
Development of detailed guidance on seismic design
and qualification of SSCs for nuclear
installations, appraisal of state-of-practice on
structural dynamic analysis methods.
WA3 : Seismic safety evaluation
Development of detailed guidance for seismic safety
evaluation, KARISMA Benchmark project, development
of detailed guidance on probabilistic safety
assessment for seismic events, Real-time safety
assessment system (RTSS) to evaluate NPP’s response
when subjected to external events (seismic and
WA7 : Engineering aspects of protection against
Response/performance of SSC , vital area
identification , Sabotage Margin Assessment (SMA).
WA8 : Site evaluation and external events and
Identification of external events and screening ,
hazard assessment of external events, safety
WA10 : Public communication
WG10-1 (leadership with JNES)
Public Communication, findings and lessons from the
communication to the public in the aftermath of
Niigataken Chuetsu-Oki Earthquake 2007, development
of detailed guidance on evaluating public perception
to external hazards and preparing communicational
- Agency for
Nuclear Safety in Italy
The President of the Italian Republic , Giorgio Napolitano,
has signed on February 11, the presidential decree ratifying
the nomination of 5 members of the ‘’Consiglio Direttivo’’
of the Agency for Nuclear Safety in Italy:
Prof. Umberto Veronesi
Prof. Maurizio Cumo
Prof. Marco Ricotti
Dr. Stefano Dambruoso
Dr. Stefano Laporta
follow the publication in the Official Gazette.
"Severe Accident Phenomenology"
January 10 - 14, 2011
Pisa - Italy
The Severe Accident (SA) Research Network of
excellence SARNET-2 is sponsoring a new
one-week Course entitled "Severe Accident
Phenomenology". This course is a part of the
Excellence Spreading activities of SARNET-2
and it will focus on disseminating the
knowledge gained on SA in the last two
decades to Master-PhD students, young
engineers and researchers. The SARNET-2
project is co-funded by the EURATM research
program in the 7th Framework Programme of
the European Commission.
Regulatory Cooperation Forum
IAEA - Vienna
On 24th of September, on the side of the
IAEA General Conference, the first plenary meeting
of the Regulatory Cooperation Forum (RCF)
took place after the inception meeting on 21st
of June 2010.
The initiative to establish a forum providing
effective coordination and collaboration among
requesting Member States and those asked to provide
regulatory support, was agreed during the 2009 IAEA
Conference on Effective Nuclear Regulatory Systems
held in Cape Town, South Africa.
Members of the Forum met under the IAEA´s aegis to
discuss strategies and plans for the coming months.
Coordination and information sharing is seen as a
crucial tool to address the needs of nuclear
newcomers and to guarantee that effective
regulations are in place across the world´s nuclear
Khammar Mrabit, Head of the IAEA Safety and Security
Coordination Section, described in detail the aims
and the scope of the IAEA-supported Regulatory
Jordan was selected as recipient country to receive
the first JRC mission whose results were reported
during the meeting by RCF Chairman Mike Weightman
and the JNRC Chairman Jamal Sharaf.
ITER Participation in IAEA ISSC
25 – 27, 2010
Considering the international cooperation and
networking as a fundamental way to maintain
competence, capability and knowledge, ITER-Consult
is significantly committed, with its senior
experts, in cooperation with IAEA in EBP
programs. In particular for:
benchmark to study the effects of July 2007 severe
earthquake in Japan on the Kashiwazaki Kariwa NPP
units and their design margin.
areas on seismic hazard analysis and for seismic
The cooperation with IAEA envisages also
coordination and leading function of ITER-Consult for the EBP activity in order to
approaches and requirements in the field of Public
and Media interaction.
The cooperation with IAEA and other international
organizations has shown to be extremely effective to
to maintain updated knowledge
and to strengthen international cooperation and
" NPP siting requirements and safety review
(Roma) - Italy
In the framework of an EC financed project, a training
course on ‘’Siting requirements and safety review for NPP’’
was carried out by ITER-Consult (leader), IRSN and STUK. The
objective of the course was to train the staff of the
regulatory authority and TSOs to get familiar with
requirements, analyses, methods for site analysis, content
of documentation (site report) to be submitted for review
to the regulatory authority and regulatory approach for
The training activity included an overview of the roles of
different stakeholders and proceeded with a comprehensive
set of lectures on the assessment process which
characterizes the site analyses, the logical progress and
the sequence of the analyses starting from the preliminary
survey of the site, passing through consequent screening
phases, up to the site detailed analyses. The objective is
to identify and define the engineering measures to be taken
in the design of the NPP in order to protect it from the
external events as well as the provisions to be taken on
the territory in order to consider, and minimize, the
effects of the NPP on the environment and the public.
International Conference on Challenges Faced
by Technical and Scientific Support
Organization (TSO) in Enhancing Nuclear
Safety and Security
October 25 - 29, 2010
Tokyo - Japan
The objective of this conference is to develop a
common understanding of the responsibilities, needs
and opportunities of the Technical and Scientific
Support Organizations (TSOs). The conference will
further promote international cooperation and
networking among the TSOs to enhance nuclear safety,
radiation safety and nuclear security. In addition,
capacity building in countries with both extensive
and limited experience in nuclear programmes, and in
those countries embarking on nuclear power
programmes for the first time, will be explored. The
conference will build on approaches identified in
the TSO conference of 2007 consistent with a global
vision for TSOs within the framework of the Global
Nuclear Safety and security Regime.
"Seismic Safety of NPPS"
March 25-26, 2010
Tivoli - Italy
Seismic safety of Nuclear Power Plants is
a key subject deserving particular
consideration in the use of nuclear energy.
Moreover this issue is a major concern in
public opinion especially in countries with a
moderate to high seismicity and it has
significant impact on the development of
nuclear energy programs.
Substantial attention needs to be paid to the
seismic safety of NPP while developing a nuclear
In this perspective a Technical meeting on the
‘’Seismic Safety of NPP’’ is organized
by ITER-Consult, ENEA, CIRTEN and Sapienza
University–Engineering Faculty with the main
objective to exchange views and discuss the
topic of seismic safety of NPPs based on
international studies and research activities,
lessons learned from experience, current design
and regulatory practices.
Recent laws in nuclear field issued in Italy:
legislativo del 15 febbraio 2010 , n. 31
’’Disciplina della localizzazione, della
realizzazione e dell’esercizio nel territorio
nazionale di impianti di produzione di energia
elettrica nucleare, di impianti di fabbricazione
del combustibile nucleare, dei sistemi di
stoccaggio del combustibile irraggiato e dei
rifiuti radioattivi, nonché misure compensative
e campagne informative al pubblico, a norma
dell’articolo 25 della legge 23 luglio 2009, n.
99- Supplemento ordinario n. 45/L alla
55 del 8 marzo 2010.
Legge 23 luglio 2009,
per lo sviluppo e l'internazionalizzazione
delle imprese, nonché in materia di energia"
n. 176 del 31 luglio 2009.